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坐对一山青 散文阅读附答案

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坐对一山青  

——日月潭的沉思

①我真愿永远这样静静地坐着。静静地,静静地,坐对一山青。

②坐对一山青,把心灵开放,向着一个绝俗的世界,真美。采集风景的人们到哪儿去了?竟把这一片宁静的山水,独留给我。这样最好,在冥坐中,我才能摄得两眼盈盈的波光,两眼青青的山色!说也奇怪?为什么人们都媚惑于一潭明艳,却无视这满山青翠呢?是为了这座山过于拙朴?还是因为人心多窍?我,愿望只有一个:我爱这座山。我不是没有见过那些耸峙的高峰的,匍匐在千仞绝壁之下,人啊,便挣扎在无望的卑微里。因此,我爱这座山,爱就爱这份平凡。它安稳地矗立在水之湄,不以巍峨震慑我,不以奇奥炫惑我,在金色的阳光下,却自有一份庄严在。九月的阳光,像一脉透明的灵泉,把长空洗得好蓝好辽阔。满山林木,也沐着阳光的爽朗,绿得纯净、绿得年轻、绿得好耀眼!在无边无际的亮蓝上抹下一大丛浓绿,除了自然,任谁的彩笔也无法把风景画得这么令人惊心!啊!这不像是九月,要不,我得说秋天仍是生命的季节。看这座山吧,每一片林子,每一块绿坡,甚至每一张高举的叶片上,都展示着最放纵的生命。不必解释也不能解释,我只能喃喃地独语:这是神!

③坐对一山青,把心灵开放,向着一个绝俗的世界,真美。可是别以为这么容易就认识了山,山有一千个面貌,每个面貌都含蕴着奇异的风采。看啊!不知道什么时候,山岚已悄然升起,空溕溕的一片白,才涨上了山腰忽而又沿着山脊流淌向幽谷,俏丽的丝丝缕缕,若有若无的牵连着,徜徉在峰颠林梢,可不是么?雾掩云遮,风情千种,这座山一下子就妩媚得像三月的新娘。让人怎么也难以相信,它本来拙朴的样子,也有如此细腻的情韵?但是,对这突如其来的景象,顿感迷离!烟云的浓浓淡淡且别管,阳光的明明暗暗且别管,峰峦的隐隐约约且别管,在这织梦的时刻,我知道,我需要的是一份醉意的朦胧。沉醉吧!沉醉吧!在纯然的沉醉中,才能撷一束山之梦。

④坐对一山青,把心灵开放,向着绝俗的世界,真美。整整的一个下午,我就这么静对着山,山也静对着我。我心如镜,映山的影子在我的光心,山谷空灵,寄我的遐思如云。我的遐思如云而如云的遐思并非幻梦,山,热情着哪!一山的清韵饮我,一山的秀色餐我,要说幸福有许多种,就是再细的心也分析不清我的满足。我陶然醺然终至于暝然,像一个入定的老僧,垂下眼帘,恍惚中,我满心都是山

⑤坐对一山青,把心灵开放,向着一绝俗的世界,真美。是的,得打开窗子,让心灵开放。我要是不开放我的,山怎会开放山的?我要是不认识我,我怎会认识山?以前,我曾有过山居的岁月,也曾有过寻山的旅游,那些矗立在记忆中的山峦们,峥嵘雄伟,深邃幽秘,我惊奇,我赞叹。可是,却从来没能让我的心灵激动得有这仲惊悸的喜悦!喜悦不要多,一粒喜悦的种子就能结出满树的回忆,山不须高,一回灵性的了悟就耐人终生追寻,别说时间短暂,短暂里也有永恒。淡紫的暮色掩来了,大地将要退隐于玄秘的幽光里,一切美的或是不美的,都变形、收缩、模糊。但,今晚,虽黝黑如荒古,我也能看见这座山傲然挺立——它在我的生命里已铸下永恒的像。

⑥山之外还有山,我知道。山山不同,我就爱这么一座。多美啊!向着一个绝美的世界,把心灵开放,坐对一山青。

5.划分这篇文章结构层次(2分)

① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥

6.文中反复吟咏的“坐对一山青,把心灵开放,向着一个绝俗的世界,真美”,有何作用?(2分)

答:

   

7.从第②段中找出最能概括山的特点的二个词语(2分)

答:

8.第④段中划线句“一山的清韵饮我,一山的秀色餐我”及“我满心都是山”,谈谈你的理解。(3分)

答:

   

9.从文中挑出一个你认为最美的句子,工整地抄写下来,再作评点,说说它好在哪里。(3分)

句子:_____________________________________

评点:________________                                               

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                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      

10.第⑤段中划线句“山不须高,一回灵性的了悟就耐人终生追寻”与刘禹锡在《陋室铭》中“_______ ,________ ”有异曲同工之妙。(2分)

11.请各用四个字概括②③④⑤段的内容。(4分)

答:②_________________ ;③_______                           

④___________________ ;⑤ ____________  

参考答案  

5.① /② ③ ④ ⑤ /⑥(2分)

6.一、结构上:使文章形式整齐,构成排比段;二、内容上一唱三叹,反复吟咏,使作者情感层层深入,突出中心;三、语文上增添旋律美和感染力。(2分)

7.宁静、青翠、平凡、庄严、拙朴等(2分,只要能找出二个即可,每词1分)

8.“我看青山多妩媚,青山看我应…查看完整散文阅读训练参考答案…则名(2分)

11.② 山色之美  ③山色之变  ④山人合一  ⑤山之感悟(4分)
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