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2010年山东教育出版社八年级暑假生活英语答案

[移动版] 作者:佚名
Thn21.com,华.语.网

37页答案:

公共英语标志:

勿折花木

hands off the flowers and trees

来宾登记

visitors please register

请勿践踏草坪

Please keep off the grass

请随手关门

Please shut the door after you

勿乱扔废弃物

No littering

英语谚语 :

if you venture nothing ,you will have nothing

不入虎穴,焉得虎子。

if you make an ass of yourself ,don't complain if people criticize you .

如果你让自己当众出丑,如果有人批评不要抱怨

if your ears glow ,someone is talking of you

耳朵发烧,有人念叨。

if you sell the cow ,you sell her milk too.

事难两全。

41页答案:

Took;ran;to have;made;Are;crying;hang

1,补充:take短语:

take after
1. 仿效:将…作为榜样跟随

2. 相象:在相貌、脾气或性格上相似

take apart
1. 拆开:分开后将…分成许多部分

2. 详细分析研究:肢解或分析(如,一个理论),通常是籍此以发现隐藏的或固有的弊端或缺点

3. 【俚语】 狠揍;把…打扁

take back
1. 收回(所说的或所写的事)

She finally took back her words.

她最终收回了自己的话。

take down
1. 拿下,放下:将…从一个较高的位置拿到一个较低的位置

2. 拆开;拆散

Take down the Christmas tree.

把圣诞树拆散

3. 挫…的锐气:压低(一个人的)傲慢或自尊

Really took him down during the debate.

在辩论中实实在在地煞了他的威风

4. 记下:以书写的形式记录下来的

take for
1. 把…视作

Do you take me for a fool?

你以为我是个傻瓜吗?

2. 误认为

Don't take silence for approval.

不要把沉默误认为是同意

take in
1. 让…进入,接纳,吸收:允许…进来;接受…为客人或雇员

2. 收缩:在尺寸上减小;使…变小或为变短

Took in the waist on the pair of pants.

把裤子的腰身改小一些

3. 包括,构成

4. 理解

Couldn't take in the meaning of the word.

不能够理解这个词的含义

5. 欺骗,诱骗

Was taken in by a confidence artist.

被一名骗人的行家给骗了

6. 详尽地看;注视

Took in the sights.

饱览各个景色

7. 接(活计)在家里做:为获取报酬而接下(在自己家里完成的工作)

Took in typing.

在家的打字活

8. 押送(罪犯)去警察局

take off
1. 脱掉(衣服等)

Take one's coat off; take off one's galoshes.

脱去外衣;脱下套靴

2. 放开

Took the brake off.

松开刹车

3. 打折:作为折扣而减价

Took 20 percent off.

优惠百分之二十

4. 带走

5. 广泛使用,大受欢迎

Took off in a hurry.

匆匆地离去

A new movie that really took off.

一部极为卖座的新片

6. 起飞

The plane took off on time.

飞机准时起飞

7. 取消

Took off the commuter special.

取消了特殊通勤

8. 休假:暂时不做(自己工作中的)应做的工作

I'm taking off three days during May.

五月份我将会休假三天

take on
1. 从事,开始对付

Took on extra responsibilities.

担负了额外的责任

2. 雇;雇佣

Took on more workers during the harvest.

在收获期间雇了更多的工人

3. 对抗:在竞争中迎击

A wrestler who took on all comers.

一个接受所有新手挑战的摔跤运动员

4. 【非正式用语】 激动,大惊小怪:表现出猛烈的或激动的情感

Don't take on so!

别这样大吵大闹!

5. 摆架子,假装:获得(比如,相貌)作为自己的或使它象是自己的

Over the years he has taken on the look of a banker.

这些年来他摆出了一副银行家的派头

take out
1. 取出;弄走

Took the splinter out.

取出木屑

2. 向机关申请取得:通过向一个权力机关申请来获得(比如,许可证)

3. 【非正式用语】 陪伴(比如,约会中一方)

4. 发泄

Don't take your frustration out in such an aggressive manner.

不要用这样一种积极的方式来发泄你的失意

5. 获得平衡:作为一种不同形式的对等物取得

Took out the money owed in services.

平衡各亏欠服务中心的钱

6. 【非正式用语】 开始一段路程;出发

The police took out after the thieves.

警方出动警力追捕小偷

7. 在武装攻击或其它类似的方式搜寻并摧毁

Two snipers took out an enemy platoon.

两名狙击手消灭了敌人一个排

Combat pilots, flying low to avoid radar, took out the guerrilla leader's bunker in a single mission.

在一次行动中,战斗机飞行员在低空飞行以躲避雷达,发现并炸毁了游击队领导所在的掩体

take over
1. 接管:获得对…的控制或管理

take to
1. 求救于;(如为了安全)前往

Took to the woods.

躲到树林里

2. 养成习惯,沉于:有了…的习惯或开始持续地做

Take to drink.

染上了酗酒的恶习

3. 喜爱,亲近:喜欢上…或和…变得亲近

“Two keen minds that they are, they took to each other”( -- Jack Kerouac)

“越敏锐的两颗心,越容易互相吸引”( -- 杰克·凯鲁亚克)

take up
1. 举起;升起

2. 缩减,改紧:在尺寸上减小;缩短或使…更紧

Take up a gown.

把一件袍子改短些

3. 付清一笔(数目可观的债务、抵押贷款或票据)

4. 接受所提供的(一种选择、一笔赌注或一个挑战)

5. 再次开始;重新开始

Let's take up where we left off.

让我们接着我们停下来的地方重新开始

6. 用尽,耗掉或占用

The extra duties took up most of my time.

额外工作耗费了我绝大部分时间

7. 喜欢,钟爱:对…产生了兴趣或钟爱

Take up mountain climbing.

喜欢上登山运动

8. 处理

Let's take up each problem one at a time.

让我们一个问题一个问题地来解决

9. 摆出

Took up a friendly attitude.

摆出友好的态度

10. 吸收,吸附

Crops taking up nutrients.

正在吸收养分的作物

11. 开始从事(一项职业或行当)

Took up engineering.

干起了工程设计这一行

be on the take
1. (非正式)受贿

be taken ill
1. 突然生病

have what it takes
1. (非正式)具备成功所需的基本条件

take a chair
1. 坐下

take advantage of (或 take advice etc.)
take something as read
1. (英)认为…是理所当然的

take the biscuit (或 cake)
1. (非正式)(人,事情)最出色的;最愚蠢的

take five
1. (非正式,主北美)休息一下

take a lot of (或some)
1. 难做

He might take some convincing.

他可能需要费事找一些更令人信服的证据。

take someone in hand
1. 控制某人;改造某人

take something in hand
1. 开始处理某事

take ill (美
1. (非正式)(尤指突然地)生病

take something ill
1. (古)对某事极为不满

take it from me
1. 我能向你保证

Take it from me, kid—I've been there, done it, seen it all.

小家伙,我向你保证——我一直在那里,做了这件事情,并且看见了一切。

take it on one (或 oneself) to do something
1. 没有寻求许可(或建议)就决定做某事

take it out of
1. 使精疲力竭

Parties and tours can take it out of you, especially if you are over 65.

聚会和旅游会让你筋疲力尽的,尤其是如果你过了65岁的话。

2. (英)报复

take someone out of themselves
1. 使人忘记烦恼

take that!
1. (当击打某人或对人采取决定性行动时的感叹句)接招吧!

take one's time
1. 不要急

take against
1. (英)(没有明确的理由地)不喜欢(某人)

From the moment he arrived, they took against this talented loudmouth.

从他到的那一刻起,他们就不喜欢这位爱高谈阔论的天才。

take something apart
1. 拆卸

take something away
1. (英)外卖,拿走

He ordered a lamb madras to take away.

他点了一份外卖的马德拉斯羔羊肉。

take someone back
1. 使回忆过去的时光

If ‘Disco Inferno’ doesn't take you back, the bell-bottom pants will.

如果“地狱迪斯科”不能把你带回到往日时光的话,那牛仔裤准可以。

take something back
1. 收回所说的话

I take back nothing of what I said.

我不会收回我说的任何话的。

2. 退货

3. (印刷)把文本移入上一行

take something down
1. 记录口述的话

I took down the address.

我写下了地址。

2. 拆除

The old Norman church was taken down in 1819.

老旧的诺曼式教堂在1819年被拆除了。

take from
1. 同 take away from

take someone in
1. 接纳为房客;收留

2. 欺骗,愚弄

She tried to pass this off as an amusing story, but nobody was taken in.

她想把这件事情当作一个有趣的故事混过去,但没有人被骗。

take something in
1. 在家里工作

2. 改小衣服

3. 包括;圈住

The sweep of his arm took in most of Main Street.

他手臂划了一圈,包括了主大街的大部分。

4. 顺便参观(或参加)

He'd maybe take in a movie, or just relax.

他也许会看场电影,或只是放松一下。

take someone off
1. (非正式,主英)幽默地模仿

take something off
1. 脱衣服

She took off her cardigan.

她把羊毛衫脱下。

2. 减去

3. 休假

I took the next day off.

我第二天休假。

take someone on
1. 雇佣

2. 愿意(或准备)接受强敌的挑战

A group of villagers has taken on the planners.

一组村民准备向设计者们挑战。

take something on
1. 担任重任

Whoever takes on the trout farm will have their work cut out.

无论谁承包这片鳟鱼场,都有艰巨的工作等着去做。

2. 获得特别含义(或品质)

The subject has taken on a new significance in the past year.

去年这个课题获得了全新的意义。

take someone out
1. (桥牌)作不同于同伴叫牌的叫牌

take someone/thing out
1. (非正式)杀死,毁灭,使致残

take something out
1. 获得(官方文件,服务)

You can take out a loan for a specific purchase.

你可以贷款购买。

2. (主美)。 同 take something away

take something out on
1. 向(不相关的人或物)发泄来减轻怒火

take something over
1. 接管;控制

British troops had taken over the German trenches.

英国军队控制了德国军队的战壕。

2. (印刷)把文本移入下一行

take someone up
1. 作…的保护人

take something up
1. 开始对…感兴趣,开始从事

She took up tennis at the age of 11.

她在11岁的时候就开始打网球。

2. 占用时间(空间或注意力)

I don't want to take up any more of your time.

我不想再占用你更多的时间了。

3. 日后再处理

He'll have to take it up with the bishop.

他必须要和主教处理这个问题。

4. 缩边

take someone up on
1. 就(某一点)挑战(或质问)说话者

The interviewer did not take him up on his quotation.

采访者并没有质疑他引用的出处。

2. 接受(提供之物,挑战)

I'd like to take you up on that offer.

我愿意接受你所提供之物。

take up with
1. 开始与某人交往,开始与某人混在一起

He's taken up with a divorced woman, I understand.

我想他正和一个离婚的女人打得火热。

习惯用语

on the take【非正式用语】
1. 收受贿赂的:收受贿赂或非法收入的或试图收受贿赂或非法收入的

“There were policemen on the take”( -- Scott Turow)

“有一些警察非法收受贿赂”( -- 斯科特·图罗)

take a bath【非正式用语】
1. 蒙受严重的财政损失

“Small investors who latched on to hot new issues took a bath in Wall Street”( -- Paul A. Samuelson)

“那些抱住热门新产品不放的小投资者们在华尔街栽了大跟头”( -- 保罗A.塞缪尔森)

take account of
1. 把…纳入考虑范围

take away from
1. 减少,减弱

Her stringy hair takes away from her lovely face.

她的丝一样的长发使人们没有注意到她那可爱的脸蛋

take care
1. 小心

Take care or you will slip on the ice.

小心些,不然你会在冰上滑倒的

take care of
1. 照料,赡养:承担对…的保养、赡养或治疗的责任

take charge
1. 取得控制或指挥权

take effect
1. 生效:成为有效力的,如在法律或规章的约束下

The curfew takes effect at midnight.

宵禁在午夜生效

2. 奏效:产生所希望的反应

The antibiotics at last began to take effect.

抗菌素最后终于发生效力了

take exception
1. 反对:通过争辩来表示反对;抵制

Took exception to the prosecutor's line of questioning.

对检查官的质疑提出反对

take five 或 take ten 【俚语】
1. 小憩:进行很短的休息(如五分钟或十分钟的小憩)

take for granted
1. 想当然:认为…是真实的、正确的或会要发生的;料想…是正确的

2. 低估了…的价值

A publisher who took the editors for granted.

一位低估了其编辑作用的出版商

take heart
1. 充满信心或勇气

take hold
1. (如通过抓握来)夺取

2. 扎根

The newly planted vines quickly took hold.

新种下的葡萄藤很快就扎下了根

take it
1. 理解;臆断

As I take it, they won't accept the proposal.

照我看,他们不会接受这项建议

2. 【非正式用语】 忍受:忍受辱骂、批评或其它严厉的对待

If you can dish it out, you've got to learn to take it.

如果你将它提出,你就会知道被臭骂的滋味

take it on the chin【俚语】
1. 遭受惩罚、折磨或失败

take it or leave it
1. 要么要,要么不要:不附带任何条件地接受或拒绝

take it out on【非正式用语】
1. 通过…惩罚来出气:在发泄自己的怒气时辱骂(某人)

take kindly to
1. 接受

Take kindly to constructive criticism.

接受建设性的批评

2. 自然而然地为…所吸引或适合;靠…茁壮成长

take lying down【非正式用语】
1. 逆来顺受:不进行任何反抗地接受粗暴或严厉的对等

Refused to take the snub lying down.

拒绝低眉顺眼地听任别人呵斥

take notice of
1. 注意到

take (one's) breath away
1. 令人窒息:使…进入一种敬畏或震惊的状态

take (one's) time
1. 慢慢地行动或不急不忙地行动

take place
1. 发生;出现

take root
1. 确定下来,固定下来

2. (植物)扎根下来

take shape
1. 具有一个明确的形式

take sick
1. 【多用于美国南部】 生病

take sides
1. 支持,站在…一边:和某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人有联系或支持某一特定的派别、集团、事业或个人

take stock
1. 开出一份存货清单

2. (比如,对资源或自己)进行一次预测或评估

take stock in
1. 信任、相信或认为…很重要

take the bench【法律】
1. 当法官:担当法官的职位

take the cake
1. 糟透了:成为最让人厌恶的或最让人失望的

2. 赢得了奖项;杰出的

take the count
1. 被击败

2. 【体育运动】 被打败:在拳击中直到数点结束仍未站起来

take the fall 或 take the hit 【俚语】
1. 招致批评:愿意或者不愿意地招致批评或指责

A senior official who took the fall for the failed intelligence operation.

为这次失败的间谍行动引咎辞职的一位高级官员

take the floor
1. 站着发表演说:站起来发表一篇正式演说,比如对一个集会

take the heat【俚语】
1. 招致并忍受众多的指责或批评

Had a reputation for being able to take the heat in a crisis.

享有在危机中成为众矢之的但却能处之泰然的名声

take to the cleaners【俚语】
1. 抢劫,诱骗

2. 获得全部财产:(比如在一场离婚裁决中)获得…所有的钱或财产

3. 使…遭受难堪的批评

take up for
1. 支持某一方:在一场争论中支持(比如,一个人或集团)

take up the cudgels
1. 加入争论:加入一场争论,尤指为了捍卫其中的一名参与者

take up with【非正式用语】
1. 开始与…交往;结交

Took up with a fast crowd.

与一群放荡的人为伍

41页答案

Take down 记下
携带take along
take photos拍照
take train搭火车
take on 呈现
take over接管
2,补充:make :

make for
1. 造成,促成:有或促使有某种特定的效果或者结果的

Small details that make for comfort.

令人舒适的小节

2. 帮助提升;推进

Makes for better communication.

促进更好的交流

make off
1. 急忙离开;跑走

make out
1. 辨明:辨明或看清,特别是在有困难的情况下

I could barely make out the traffic signs through the rain.

在雨中我几乎看不清交通标志

2. 理解

Could not make out what she was saying.

不能理解她在说些什么

3. 写下来;列出

Made out the invoices.

开具发票

4. 填写(如表格)

5. 【非正式用语】 暗示,建议

You make me out to be a liar.

你暗示我不要说谎

6. 【非正式用语】 试图建立或者证明

He made out that he was innocent.

他试图证明自己是无辜的

7. 进展:在给定的道路上前进;进展

Made out well in business.

在生意上进展顺利

8. 发生性关系

make over
1. 改装;革新

2. 转让:改变或者转移所有权,通常是通过法律文件的方式

Made over the property to her son.

把财产转到她儿子名下

make up
1. 整理;建立或捏造

Make up a prescription.

开一个药方

2. 构成;组成

One hundred years make up a century.

一百年构成一个世纪

3. 用化妆品化妆

4. 捏造,编造:杜撰小说或谎话;捏造

Made up an excuse.

编造借口

5. 补偿

Made up the difference in the bill.

弥补了帐单上的差额

Make up the lost time.

补足失去的时间

6. 和好:平息一场争吵

Kissed and made up.

亲吻和好

7. 献殷勤,巴结:提出献殷勤或讨好的建议。和to 连用

Made up to his friend's boss.

向他朋友的老板献殷勤

8. 补考,补课:因为以前缺席或不及格在一段时间后再考或再上课

9. 整理,收拾

Make up a room.

把房间收拾好

10. 【印刷术】 排版,整版

Made up the front page.

为封面排版

make with 【俚语】
1. 使用

A flirt making with the eyes.

用眼睛调情

2. 长出;制造

Always making with the jokes.

总是谈笑风声

be made of money
1. (非正式)非常富有

be made up
1. (北英格兰,非正式)很高兴,很愉快

We're made up about the baby.

我们因为孩子感到非常高兴。

have (got) it made
1. (非正式)注定成功

Because your dad's a manager, he's got it made.

因为你爸爸是经理,他肯定能成功。

make a day (或night) of it
1. (尤指愉快地)干(或玩)一整天(或一整夜)

make someone's day
1. 使某人的一天过得难忘(或愉快);使某人的一天生色

make a House
1. (英)(下议院中)获得达到法定人数的议员到场

make like
1. (北美,非正式)假装;模仿

Tell the whole group to make like a bird by putting their arms out.

告诉所有组员张开双臂装作鸟。

make or break
1. 不成则败,成功或失败

make sail
1. (航海)张帆,扬帆

make up one's mind
1. 下定决心,决定

He made up his mind to attend the meeting.

他决定参加会议。

on the make
1. (非正式)(尤指肆无忌惮地)追逐名利

put the make on
1. (北美, 非正式)向…求欢,要求同…发生性关系

make after
1. (古)追逐,追捕

make away
1. 同 make off

make something of
1. 重视;在意

Oddly, he makes little of America's low investment rates.

奇怪的是,他并不重视美国的低投资率。

make out informal 非正式
1. 进展;过日子

How are you making out, now that the summer's over?.

夏天过去了,你们现在生活得如何啊?。

2. (北美,非正式)发生性关系

Ernie was making out with Berenice.

厄尼和贝伦尼斯搞上了。

make someone/thing out
1. 看出;听出;辨认出

In the dim light it was difficult to make out the illustration.

在昏暗的光线下很难看清那说明。

2. 断言;描绘

I'm not as bad as I'm made out to be.

我并不像别人所说的那样坏。

3. 起草,写出(尤指正式的名单或文件)

Advice about making out a will.

关于写遗嘱的建议。

Send a cheque made out to Trinity College.

寄出开给三一学院的支票。

make something over
1. 转让某物

If he dies childless he is to make over his share of the estate to his brother.

如果他去世时没有子女,他将把自己的那份财产转给他的兄弟。

2. 将某物翻新;改做;重做某物(尤指发型、化妆或衣服)

make someone up
1. 为…化妆

make something up
1. 补充某物,补足某物;弥补某物

I'll make up the time tomorrow.

明天我把时间补回来。

2. 组成,构成

Women make up 56 per cent of the student body.

女性占学生总数的56% 。

The team is made up of there women and two men.

小组由三女二男组成。

3. 合成,配制

Make up the mortar to a consistency that can be moulded in the hands.

把灰泥调制成可用手捏成形的软硬程度。

4. 编造;捏造

She enjoyed making up tall tales.

她喜欢编造荒诞不经的故事。

make up to
1. (非正式)讨好,奉承

You can't go on about morals when you're making up to Adam like that.

你是不能多谈道德品行的,如果你真是那样想讨好亚当。

make with
1. (美,非正式)使用;提供

Make with the feet, honey—you're embarrassing Jim.

走吧,亲爱的——你让吉姆难堪了。

习惯用语

make a clean breast of
1. 坦白交待

make a face
1. 改变脸部的容貌;扮鬼脸

make a go of
1. 在…获得成功

Have made a go of the business.

生意上获得了成功

make away with
1. 处理;偷

2. 用光或消费

3. 杀死或破坏

make do
1. 用手头拥有的钱去勉强应付

Had to make do on less income.

不得不用较少的收入来应付

make ends meet
1. 收支平衡:设法使某人的财产和花费相抵

make eyes
1. 向…送秋波

make fun of
1. 嘲笑;嘲讽

make good
1. 成功地实施

He made good his escape.

他成功地逃脱了

2. 实现

She made good her promise.

她实现了诺言

3. 补偿;弥补

Made good the loss.

弥补损失

4. 成功

Made good as a writer.

成为一个成功的作家

make it
1. 【非正式用语】 成功

make light of
1. 轻视;忽略

He made light of his illness.

他忽视了自己的疾病

make much of
1. 重视对待

make no bones about
1. 对…坦白或直爽;公开承认

They make no bones about their dislike for each other.

他们毫不隐瞒彼此间的厌恶

make off with
1. 夺走或偷走

Made off with the profits.

夺走了利润

make sail【航海】
1. 开始航行

2. 张帆

make the grade
1. 达到给定的标准

make the most of
1. 最大限度地利用

make time
1. 弥补时间:运动或走得更快以便弥补失去的时间

2. 【俚语】 更加有吸引力

He tried to make time with the new neighbor.

他试图获取新邻居的好感

make up (one's) mind
1. 作出选择;作出决定或提出意见

make way
1. 让路;走到一边

2. 取得进步

3, lie [lai]

Lie-lied-lied 撒谎

Lie-lay –lain躺下

4,

在下列动词后面常用doing形式作宾语,如:

admit(承认),appreciate (感激)  avoid(避免)  complete(完成) consider(考虑)

delay (延后)  deny (否认)  enjoy (享受)  escape (逃避)  finish(完成)

mind(介意)  miss (错过)  postpone(延期) practice(练习) quit (停止)如:

I must avoid doing such a thing.

我必须避免做这样的事。

I finished reading the book.

我把那本书读完了。

在下列动词后面常用to do 形式作宾语。如:

want, like, hope, wish, desire, intend, expect, plan, decide , try, manage等。如:

I want to go home.

我想回家。

We decided to go .

我们决定去。

有些动词既可以跟动词的-ing形式又可以跟不定式作宾语,但意义有明显区别,归纳如下:

1 remember,forget,regret(遗憾) 跟动词的-ing形式时表示动作已经发生;跟不定式表示动作尚未发生。

例如:Don’t forget to tell Jim about it.别忘了告诉Jim这件事。(未告诉)

I forget telling Jim about it.我忘了曾经告诉Jim这件事了。(已经告诉他了)

2stop ding sth. 停止正在干的事; stop to do sth. 停下来去做另外一件事

例如:You have must stop smoking. 你必须戒烟。

He stopped to get it and of course fell behind.他停下来去拿它,当然就落在后面了。

go on doing sth.与 go on to do sth. 用法类似,前者指继续同一件事,后者指继续做不同的事情。

3try to do sth. 尽力做某事; try doing sth.试着做某事

例如:Let’s try to find some information about it, ok?让我们努力去找一些关于它的信息,好吗?

“Why not try doing exercise to lose weight?” said the doctor.医生说:“为什么不试着做运动减肥?”

4mean to do sth. 打算,想要做; mean doing sth 意味着做

例如:I’m sorry for what I have said .But I didn’t mean to hurt you.我为我所说的话道歉,但我并不是有意要伤害你。

He broke his leg , which means staying in bed for several weeks.他摔断了腿,那就意味着要卧床好几周。

5can’t help doing 忍不住,禁不住;can’t help (to) do 不能帮忙干….

例如:They couldn’t help jumping when hearing the good news.听到这个好消息,他们情不自禁地跳了起来。

Sorry, I can’t help (to) do your homework.抱歉我不能帮你做作业。

6regret to do sth.对发生的事情表示“抱歉,遗憾” regret doing sth. 对已经发生的事情表示“后悔”.

例如:I regret to tell you that you failed. 很遗憾的告诉你,你失败了。

I regret telling her the news. 我很后悔告诉她这个消息。

38答案:

时间状语从句 until;while
地点状语;译文:他们都是好人,不管走到哪儿都能收到热烈的欢迎 。  你应该把书放到你能找到的地方   Where there is a will,, there is a way
Because
So ...that ;such..that
5)so...that

so;so;so;so;such;so;such;so ;so.

补充:

so...that和such...that的意思均为"如此……以致……",都用来引导结果状语从句。但二者用法不尽相同,现归纳如下:

1.so...that结构中的so为副词,后面跟形容词或副词;such...that中的such为形容词,后面接名词(名词前可以有形容词或副词修饰)。例如:

He became so angry that he couldn't speak.他变得很生气,以致说不出话来。

It was such a fine day that we went out for a walk.那是一个很晴朗的日子,我们出去散步。

2.当that前的名词有表示数量多少的many,much,few,little等修饰时,只能用so,不能用such。例如:

There was so much noise outside that we couldn't hear the teacher.外面嘈杂声很大,以致我们不能听到老师的话。

He had so many falls that he was black and blue all over.他跌了这么多的跤,以致全身青一块、紫一块的。

注意:若名词前的little解释为"小(的)"意思时,则仍用such,而不能用so。例如:

It is such a little sheep that it can't run fast.它是一只小绵羊,它不能够跑得快。

3.当that前是单数可数名词且该名词前

面有形容词修饰时,so与such可以互换,

即:so+adj.+a/an+n.=such+a/an+adj.+n.。例如:

She is so good a teacher that we all love her.=She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一位好老师,我们都爱她。

4.当that前是不可数名词或复数可数名词时,则必须用such,不能用so来代替。例如:It was such fine weather that they all went swimming.那是个好天气,他们都去游泳了。

They are such nice apples that we would like to eat them.它们是如此好的苹果,以致我们想吃它们。

【巩固练习】根据句意,用so或such填空。

1.The boy is_ young that he can't go to school.

2.He told us_ a funny story that we all laughed.

3.He has _few books to read that he has to borrow some books from the library.

4.It is _a tall building that I can't see its top.

5.The girls had_ high a fever that she nearly died last week.

6.They are _clever children that all the teachers love them.

6)It’s raining,but they are still working in the field.                Though he is very old ,he still works very hard.        

填空答案:         Because ;while ;when;such;so that;so;when;

43页:英语基本句型有五个:S+V, S+V+Cs, S+V+O, S+V+Oi+Od, S+V+Od+Co, 其共有特征是主谓结构(S+V)。

句子成分主要有四种:主语S、谓语动词V、补语(主语补语Cs,宾语补语Co)和宾语(直接宾语Od,间接宾语Oi)。

●Pattern 1 (S + V) 主谓结构

1. 此句型中,“V” 是不及物动词,后面无宾语,如:

My right arm hurts.

但通常有后续成分或称状语(A),即 S+V+A,如:

She lived happily.

The sun rises every morning.

2. 在有些句子中,主语或谓语或某一部分可省略,如:

(I) Hope to see you again soon.(省略主语)

Who called? Jane (did).(省略谓语)

●Pattern 2 (S + V + Cs) 主系表结构

1. 此句型的 “V” 是连系动词,“Cs” 是主语补语,或称表语。充当主语补语的有名词、代词、形容词、副词、数词、介词短语、动词 V-ing 形式或 V-ed 形式、不定式及名词性从句等,如:

My first name is Bill.

Life is colorful.

2. 常见的连系动词有下列几类:

a. 表示“判断”:be;

b. 表示“变得”、“成为”:become, come, go, fall, get, grow, prove, turn 等;

c. 表示“保持着某一状态”:hold, keep, lie, remain, rest, sit, stay 等;

d. 表示“看起来”、“好像”:appear, look, seem 等;

e. 表示“实感”:feel, sound, taste, smell 等。

e.g. She is a teacher and I am a doctor.

Spring comes and all trees turn green.

●Pattern 3 (S + V + O) 主谓宾结构

1. “V” 是及物动词,后面需跟一个宾语,可充当宾语的有名词、代词、数词、不定式、V-ing 结构及名词性从句等,如:

I understand the program.

She asked to see the manager.

2. 这种结构有时必须跟状语,意义才完整(即 S + V + O + A),如:

We accepted their advice in buying a new car.

●Pattern 4 (S + V + Oi + Od) 主谓-间接宾语-直接宾语

1. 此句型的 “V” 称为双宾及物动词,其后需跟间接宾语 “Oi”(通常指人)和直接宾语 “Od”(通常指物或事)。

2. 此类动词大都具有给与的意义,常见的有allow, assign, award, bring, buy, cause, choose, fetch, find, get, give, grant, hand, leave, lend, offer, owe, pass, pay, post, promise, read, recommend, refuse, render, return, sell, send, show, sing, take, telephone, touch, tell, throw, wish, write 等,如:

I gave him the book.

I’ll return you the dictionary soon.

●Pattern 5 (S + V + Od + Co) 主谓宾补语结构

该句型中,谓语动词虽有宾语,但句子意义仍不完整,需加补语 “Co” 补足其意义。充当宾语补语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词短语、不定式短语及分词等,如:

We call him a fool.

We found the house empty.

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